购彩平台官网

恒定動力是什么,為什么如此重要?

2019年12月20日 18:25 來源:腕表之家 類型:編譯 作者:許朝陽

       [腕表之家 鐘技術] 如何使腕表购彩平台官网保持均勻的能量流動?存在多種解決方案,但有些比其他的效果更好。

Zenith真力時Academy Georges Favre-Jacot腕表的芝麻鏈機制

恒定動力機制解析

       DANGSHENGHUOLIANGUANSHUNCHANGSHI,YIQIEDOUHUIYUNZHUANDEGENGHAO。RUGUOSHENGHUOZHONGDESHIWUBAOCHIWENDING,NEIMEJIUNENGQINGSONGWANCHENGRICHANGHUODONG,XIANGFANCANGCUERPIAOHUDEBIANHUAZEHUICHANSHENGGANRAO。“XIANGRUISHIWANBIAOYIYANGYUNZHUAN”SHIYIZHONGCHANGJIANDESHUOFA,ZUOWEIWANBIAOAIHAOZHE,NINYIDINGHENQINGCHUZHEJUHUADEYUNYI。JIUXIANGSHENGHUOYIYANG,ZAISHIWUBAOCHIBUBIANDEQINGKUANGXIA,YEJIZAILIUXIANGBAILUNDENENGLIANGBAOCHIWENDINGSHI,YUNXINGGENGQINGSONG、GENGJINGZHUN。

购彩平台官网       JIASHECONGFATIAOJINGQINZONGDAOBAILUN(TONGGUOCHILUNXICHUANDONG)DENENGLIANGLIUDONGJUNYUNQIEYIZHI,ZEWANBIAOJIANGGENGJIAJINGZHUNKEKAO,FANZHIDONGLIDEBIANHUAHUIDAOZHIBAILUNYIBUTONGDESULVZHENDONG。NEIME,SHISHENMEZUAILEDONGLIHENGDINGNI?YOURUHEQUEBAODONGLIBAOCHIHENGDING?DAANJIUSHIHENGDINGDONGLIJIZHI。

       SHENMESHIHENGDINGDONGLIJIZHI?ZHEZHONGJIZHIRUHEYUNZUO,RUJINYOUYOUNAXIEPINPAIZAISHIYONG?

朗格Richard Lange Tourbillon Pour le Merite腕表

恒動的探求

购彩平台官网       MANXIANSHI,FATIAOJINJINDICHANRAOZAIZHONGXINZHOUSHANG,CISHILILIANGZUIDA;SUIZHUFATIAODESHIFANG,LILIANGZHUJIANBIANXIAO。ZHEZHONGXIANXIANGCHENGWEIHUKEDINGLV——“GUTICAILIAOSHOULIZHIHOU,CAILIAOZHONGDEYINGLIYUYINGBIANZHIJIANCHENGXIANXINGGUANXI”,YEJILIYUFATIAODESHENZHANCHENGBILI。

       16ZHI17SHIJIDEHUAIBIAOYILUOXUANTANGANGFATIAOWEIZHUYAODONGLILAIYUAN,BINGZHUANGPEIYIZHONGCHUJIXINGSHIDEQINZONGJIGOU,JIJIZHOUQINZONGJIGOU(Verge Escapement)。JIZHOUQINZONGJIGOUSHENSHOUFATIAOCHUANDONGDEYINGXIANG,YINWEIZHESHIYIZHONGFEIZIYOUSHIQINZONGJIGOU,QINZONGLUN、QINZONGCHAHEBAILUNSHIZHONGBAOCHIYUNDONGSHANGDELIANXI,BAILUNWUFAZIYOUBAIDONG,DUIJINGZHUNXINGCHANSHENGBULIYINGXIANG。TONGSHI,JIZHOUQINZONGJIGOUHUANSHIYIZHONGHOUTUISHIQINZONGJIGOU,CHAWADEYUNZUOHUIDAOZHICHILUNXIHOUTUIYIGEWEIZHI,ZHEYEYINGXIANGLEJINGDU。

早期工字輪擒縱機構,傳動鏈一覽無余

       18SHIJIYINRUDEGONGZILUNQINZONGJIGOU(Cylinder Escapement),QIYUNZUOZHONGCHILUNXIBUHUIBEIPOHOUTUI,JINGDUDEBIANHUAXIAOYUJIZHOUQINZONGJIGOU。DANGRAN,GONGZILUNQINZONGJIGOUHUANSHIHUISHOUDAOFATIAOCHUANDONGDEYINGXIANG,YINWEIZHEYESHIYIZHONGFEIZIYOUSHIQINZONGJIGOU。1754NIANFAMINGDEGANGGANSHIQINZONGJIGOU(Lever Escapement)SHIYIZHONGZIYOUSHIQINZONGJIGOU,BAILUNKEYIZIYOUBAIDONG,WUXUSHIZHONGYUQINZONGLUNHEQINZONGCHABAOCHIYUNDONGSHANGDELIANXI,YINWEIJINYIBUJIANGDILEBUJUNYUNLIDEYINGXIANG。

       ZUICHANGJIANDESHIXIANHENGDINGDONGLIDEFANGFASHIZHIMALIANHERINEIWAJIETINGZHUANGZHI。

芝麻鏈(均力圓錐滑輪鏈)

       PEIBEIZHIMALIANJIZHIDEWANBIAOFATIAOHEWAIBISHANGSHEYOUQIEKOU,TONGGUOLIANTIAOYUJUNLIYUANZHUILUN(QUDONGCHILUNXIDEZHUIXINGLUN,QIZHIJINGYOUDIBUXIANGDINGBUZHUJIANSHOUZHAI)XIANGLIAN。DANGWANBIAOHAOJINDONGLISHI,LIANTIAOHUICHANRAOZAIFATIAOHESHANG。ZHUANDONGBINGZHOU,WEIHENEIFATIAOSHANGXIAN;SUIZHUFATIAORAOJINZHONGXINZHOU,LIANTIAOYEHUIYOUXIAXIANGSHANGCHANRAOZAIJUNLIYUANZHUILUNSHANG。

Romain Gauthier Logical One腕表,從表盤側即可清晰觀賞芝麻鏈機制

购彩平台官网       MANXIANHOU,FATIAODEDONGLIDADAODINGFENG,CISHIJUNLIYUANZHUILUNSHANGDELIANJIEYECHANRAOZHIDINGCENG。DANGFATIAOMANXIANYUNZUOSHI,JUNLIYUANZHUILUNHUIZAIZHIJINGJIAOXIAODEDINGBULADONG,PINGHUANDONGLISHUCHU;DANGFATIAODONGLISHUAIJIANSHI,JUNLIYUANZHUILUNHUIZAIZHIJINGJIAODADEDIBULADONG,BUCHANGDONGLISUNSHI。SUIZHUFATIAODONGLIDEBIANHUA,CHUANDONGZHUANGZHIYEBUDUANDIAOZHENG。YONGYIJUHUALAISHUO,ZHIMALIANJIUSHISHIFATIAODONGLISHUCHUGENGPINGWENDEZHUANGZHI。

Gronefeld 1941 Remontoire腕表

日內瓦截停裝置

       另一種幫助平穩能量流動的方法是日內瓦截停裝置,也稱為馬耳他截停裝置。從某種意義上來說,它與芝麻鏈類似,都可以調節向擺輪傳輸的動力。日內瓦截停裝置由一個固定到發條盒軸上的棘爪和一個形狀為馬耳他十字的小輪組成,整個裝置安裝在發條盒蓋上。當發條上弦或動力釋放達到極限時,棘爪會與馬耳他十字小輪聯動,截停發條盒軸。這樣做的目的,是為了避免在極端情況下使用發條,從而使能量流動更加一致。

购彩平台官网       DANGRAN,JINGUANZHEXIEJISHUQUESHIYOUZHUYUKONGZHINENGLIANGLIUDONG,DANTAMENBINGBUNENGQUEBAODONGLIWANQUANHENGDING。

Francois Paul-Journe Chronometre Optimum腕表

Remontoir

购彩平台官网       NEIME,RUHECAINENGQUEBAOCHUANDIGEIBAILUNDENENGLIANGJUNYUNQIEYIZHINI?WEIYIZHENGQUEDEFANGFASHITIGONGHENGDINGDONGLI,DANGJINZUICHANGJIANDEFANLIJIUSHIRemontoir。RemontoirSHIYINGGUOCHUANQIZHIBIAOSHIYUEHAN·HALISENDECHUANGYIJIEJING,SHIZHISHIYIXIAODUANLUOXUANYOUSI,ZAIQINZONGJIGOUHECHILUNXIZHIJIANBANYAN“ZHONGJIANREN”DEJIAOSE。RemontoirTONGGUOCHILUNXIJIESHOUFATIAOHEDEDONGLI,JIANGQISHIFANGGEIQINZONGLUN,RANHOUZAIJIESHOUFATIAOHEDEDONGLIZHONGXINBENGJIN,ZHOUERFUSHI,QUEBAONENGLIANGDELIUDONGPINGWENERJUNYUN。XIANGQINZONGJIGOUCHUANDIDEDONGLIHENGDING,YEJIUYIWEIZHUHENGDINGDEBAILUNZHENFUHEZOUSHIJINGDU。

       Remontoir的制造成本極其昂貴,只有為數不多的制表商愿意嘗試進行實踐。這其中最著名的當屬Francois Paul-Journe,Chronometre Optimum腕表和Tourbillon Souverain腕表都是利用恒定動力機制的典范佳作。IWC萬國表购彩平台官网是該領域的最新參與者,其代表作為大型飛行員恒定動力陀飛輪腕表“小王子”特別版,朗格(A. Lange & S?hne)Richard Lange萬年歷腕表是另一個至今仍在生產的范例。

朗格L072.1,右上角可見芝麻鏈機制

結論

       JIRANTIGONGGEIBAILUNDENENGLIANGXUYAOBAOCHIHENGDING,NEIWEISHENMEMEIYOUGENGDUODEZHIBIAOSHANGJIANGZHEZHONGLEIXINGDEJIZHITOURUSHENGCHANNI?SHOUXIAN,RemontoirDEZHIZAOCHENGBENGAOANG,TONGCHANGZHIJIANYUJUYOUDUOZHONGFUZAGONGNENGDEGAOJIWANBIAO,LIRUSHANGWENLIEJUDENEIXIEBIAOKUAN。

       RANHOU,ZHEYEYUDANGJINWANBIAOSHIYONGXIANDAIHEJINFATIAOYOUGUAN。LUOXUANTANGANGFATIAO、JIZHOUQINZONGJIGOUHEGONGZILUNQINZONGJIGOUDESHIDAIZAOJIUYIQUBUFUFANLE,YIGANGHEJINZHICHENGDEXINXINGFATIAO(BITANGANGFATIAOJUYOUGENGHAODEDANXING)TONGGUOQIAOMIAOSHEJI,SHIDONGLISHUCHUGENGJIAYIZHI。DONGLIHAOJINSHI,FATIAOKANQILAIJIUXIANGSHIFANZHUANDE“S”XING。ZHEYANGZAISHANGXIANSHI,FATIAODEWAIBANBUFENBINEIBANBUFENJIAODUGENGDA,ZHENGTIDANXINGBIANXINGQUANSHUGENGDUO,CONGERBANGZHUPINGHENGDONGLISHUCHU。CHUCIZHIWAI,RUISHIGANGGANSHIQINZONGBENSHENSHOUBUJUNYUNLIDEYINGXIANGYEYAOXIAODEDUO。

购彩平台官网       JIASHEYOUYIMEICAIYONGXIANDAIHEJINYOUSIHERUISHIGANGGANSHIQINZONGJIGOUDEWANBIAO,XIANZAIMANXIANZHUANGTAIXIACESHIJINGDU,JIEZHU24XIAOSHIHOUZAICICESHIJINGDU,LIANGXIANGBIJIAOHENKENENGHUICHUXIANZOUSHIWUCHA。DANYOUYUBAILUNSHIDENGSHIDE,ERWUCHAHENXIAO,SUOYIZHEDUIWANBIAOZHENGTIJINGDUDEYINGXIANGBINGBUMINGXIAN。LILUNSHANG,HENGDINGDONGLIJIZHIQUESHIKEYIXIAOCHUWUCHA,BINGZAIRENHEJIEDUAN(MANXIAN、BANXIAN、HAOJIN)DOUBAOCHIYIZHI。

       ZHESHIFOUYIWEIZHUDANGJINZHIBIAOXINGYEBUZAIXUYAOHENGDINGDONGLIJIZHINI?DANGRANBUSHI。YUQITAOLUNXUBUXUYAO,DAOBURUSHUOZHENGYINRUCIHENGDINGDONGLIJIZHIFANERYUFAYINRENRUSHENG。ZHEZHONGJIZHIJIURUTONGDANGAOSHANGDEYINGTAO,ZHIDEWEIHOUDAIZHONGBIAOAIHAOZHEYANXULIUCUN。(TU/WEN WANBIAOZHIJIA XUCHAOYANGBIANYI)

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